Global warming poses many dangers to the ecosystem and wildlife being an inseparable part of it suffers as well. The habitats of the wildlife get disrupted, the same habitat on which animals have spent centuries for adapting. These disruptions are often due to arising of climate change conditions like fluctuating temperatures or availability of water or maybe a combination of both circumstances. Due to the effect, conditions for growth changes and makes it harder for wildlife to flourish.
This forces wildlife population to move into new areas sometimes to survive. But as human population started growing, the land which could have been sufficed the needs of wildlife are now being used in development industrially and residentially. The constructions like buildings and roads act as obstruction for this refugee wildlife. It was reported sometimes back by Pew Centre of Global climate change that if we create some transitional habitats, it can help in the animals to migrate species by linking natural areas. It is observed with the studies that the effects of global warming on wildlife, in turn, will have effects on people as well. Now some species are impacted more than others according to a study done by ‘Defenders of Wildlife’. These include toads, reindeer, penguins, grey wolves, arctic foxes, tree swallows, salmon, painted turtles and polar bears.
Understanding that effects of Global Warming will only worsen the conditions for wildlife, it is a necessary measure to carefully assess the impact on the specific wildlife species. This demands immediate taking of steps for mitigation of global warming otherwise a number of species in this list will keep increasing as well as will increase the risk of extinction of these species. It should be conveyed to a larger audience and needs to ensure the key decision makers to do something significant for the protection of wildlife and overall ecosystem.
One positive step in this direction is taken already. It was observed that to reduce effects of global warming, the world leaders would require to reduce the carbon emission and limit global temperature rise to 2°C. Around 200 countries showed their commitment towards this cause in Paris Climate Agreement in 2016.