HOW FORESTS ARE THE SOLUTION TO COMBAT CLIMATIC CHANGES

Earth Care Awards came into subsistence in the year 2008. After their inception, Earth Care Awards gained a concrete form and began to thrive exceptionally. The very fundamental goals of the awards for recognizing initiatives and involvement by organisations, corporate and individuals towards the mitigation of greenhouse gases, natural resource sustenance, development of innovative eco-friendly alternatives and natural resource conservation ascended significantly.

Today, every NGO and CBO, corporate, every organisation whether private or is seen to work towards the cause of climate change, preservation and sustainable use of naturally occurring exhaustive resources, devising pioneering methods for shielding the Earth’s nature and climate.

Today Earth Care Awards is debating about the possible solutions for the drastic climatic changes observed over the course of years. Why does Mumbai continue to face adverse climatic conditions where the summers bring immoderate humidity and perspiration and monsoons promise nothing less than floods! Why did the skies in Delhi and Gurugram turn absolute grey in the year 2016 post the Diwali festivities and reflected smoke and not fog in a month such as November?

FOREST POWER UNLEASHED

To cut a long story short, we are introducing today the potential of forests that have a chief role to play in restoring climatic changes prevalent in the environment around us today. It would be wrong to quote that forests are the unsung heroes because they’re not. We are all taught from primary school about the importance of planting trees and saving forests and yet we are here today interpreting the value of forests.

FORESTS INHALE CARBON

Forests naturally absorb 1/3rdof the emissions from fossil fuels and have a capacity to absorb even more by way of their trunk, branches, leaves, roots and soil. This carbon storage is known as sequestration. Brazil achieved mitigation in emissions by way of increased tree plantations and reduced deforestation.

Forests are ‘carbon sinks’ of our planet as carbon accrues in forests, but when they’re cleared for industrial purposes, they equally emit large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Greenhouse emissions are second to carbon emissions from cars, trucks, trains, ships and planes combined. What are we welcome to, forests as reservoirs of carbon or dispensers of carbon?

REGULATING WATER FORCES AND FIRES

Addressing the issues of floods which are induced by way of climatic changes – forests regulate water flows and protect coastal communities from an extreme sea level rise. Wildfires can be controlled extensively by forest management increasing the overall atmospheric health as wildfires alone inject great amounts of carbon and other harmful gases into the air.

RESOURCEFUL AND BALANCEROF THE ECOSYSTEM CARBON

The world’s forests are estimated to store 638 billion tonnes of carbon. Forests and forest products balance out nearly 13% of annual greenhouse gas emissions which are the main cause of climate change. Forests are warehouses for timber, cultural resources, wildlife habitat and bioenergy produce.

FOREST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

Forest management and enriched use of land help reduce unpredictable climatic changes. Forest management activities include careful selective harvesting, changes in crop selection, decreasing potential fuel for wildfires and creating spaces in the forests to allow sunlight through thereby encouraging more trees to grow.

Deforestation and forest degradation have a significant impact on climate change. Reducing forest loss can bring many benefits for ecosystems and people. These include lessening greenhouse gas emissions, sequestering carbon and withstanding climate change.

Forests and climate are naturally connected. Forest loss is a cause of our changing climate. We save the forests, we save ourselves from the menace of climatic changes.