Corporation of City of Panaji’s Waste Segregation at Source Initiative – The progressive impact series

The ‘My Clean India’ campaign, popularly known as the ‘Swacch Bharat Abhiyan’ spread across India as a
national initiative in 2014. Nonetheless, even prior to the launch of the national initiative, the municipal
corporation of Panaji had implemented and aced the practice of 100% source segregation of waste
throughout the city.

Through the third issue of the Progressive Impact Series, we aim to acknowledge the smartly designed
policies and a top notch execution of an impeccable waste management program regulated by the
corporation of the city of Panaji, Goa. The corporation in authority of the project bagged an Earth Care
Award in 2016 for their leading initiative towards urban climate action.

The expedition of the corporation of the city of Panaji began in 2012. The corporation observed a
massive scope of improvement in the entire waste management system of the city. They ascertained
that the root cause of the problem is the collective accumulation of all types of waste such as green
waste, plastics, glass, metal, etc. Moreover, the landfills are used to dump this collection of waste. In the
landfills, the non-biodegradable waste continues to rot and harms the environment.

Amidst of such a scenario, the corporation aimed at a landfill free city. In striving to achieve the
objective, the corporation of the city of Panaji adopted an integrated-decentralized solid waste
management system. The idea and motive behind designing of the system was to ensure 100%
segregation of waste at source.

Measures and Actions

  • To ensure source segregation of the waste, the corporation defined colors of waste collection bags for each type of waste. Green Colour for biodegradable waste, pink for papers and cardboards, brown for plastic waste, black bags for glasses and metals, and white bags for non-recyclable waste. Thus, there was a distinctive bag for each kind of waste. This made source segregation of waste effective.
  • The corporation of the city of Panaji established the process of door to door collection of solid municipal waste.
  • The hotel industry is a prominent waste generators of the city. The hotel industry generated about 70% of the total waste in the city. Thus, to ensure the effective outcome of the program it was important for the corporation to include the hotels and eateries in the participant’s list. For this purpose, they issued draconian policies for industries which included fines and penalties in case of any violation of the rules of waste collection.
  • The corporation supervised the construction of decentralized composting units for efficient composting of biodegradable waste. They also partnered with many recycling units to transact the vast quantities of segregated waste.


The efforts of the corporation helped them accomplish their aim of a city free of landfills and bins. Now, the waste generated and segregated at source goes directly to the composting grounds and recycling units. In regards to a progressive impact, the implementation of the program has created exemplary awareness about benefits of effective waste management, among the citizens of the city. Also, the city has maintained the system of solid waste management for many years. In addition to this, the corporation of the city of Panaji is regularly adopting initiatives towards cleanliness, climate action, and a sustainable environment.